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Reverend Gary Davis biography



Reverend Gary Davis, also Blind Gary Davis, (April 30, 1896 – May 5, 1972) was a blues and gospel singer and guitarist who was also proficient on the banjo and harmonica. His finger-picking guitar style influenced many other artists and his students in New York included Stefan Grossman, David Bromberg, Roy Book Binder, Larry Johnson, Woody Mann, Nick Katzman, Dave Van Ronk, Tom Winslow, and Ernie Hawkins. He has influenced the Grateful Dead, Bob Dylan, Jackson Browne, Townes van Zandt, Wizz Jones, Jorma Kaukonen, Keb' Mo', Ollabelle and Resurrection Band. Biography Gary Davis was born in Laurens, South Carolina, and was the only one of eight children his mother bore who survived to adulthood. He became blind as an infant. Davis reported that his father was killed in Birmingham, Alabama when Davis was ten, and Davis later said that he had been told that his father had been shot by the Birmingham High Sheriff. He recalled being poorly treated by his mother and that before his death his father had given him into the care of his paternal grandmother. He took to the guitar and assumed a unique multi-voice style produced solely with his thumb and index finger, playing not only ragtime and blues tunes, but also traditional and original tunes in four-part harmony. Bull City Blues, Durham, North CarolinaIn the mid-1920s, Davis migrated to Durham, North Carolina, a major center for black culture at the time. There he collaborated with a number of other artists in the Piedmont blues scene including Blind Boy Fuller and Bull City Red. Following his conversion and especially his ordination, Davis began to express a preference for inspirational gospel music. In the 1940s, the blues scene in Durham began to decline and Davis migrated to New York. In 1951, well before his 'rediscovery', Davis's oral history was recorded by Elizabeth Lyttleton Harold (the wife of Alan Lomax) who transcribed their conversations into a 300+ page typescript. The folk revival of the 1960s re-invigorated Davis' career, culminating in a performance at the Newport Folk Festival and the recording by Peter, Paul and Mary of "Samson and Delilah", also known as "If I Had My Way", originally a Blind Willie Johnson recording that Davis had popularized. Davis died in May 1972, from a heart attack in Hammonton, New Jersey. Discography Many of his records were published posthumously. 1954 Blind Gary Davis - The Singing Reverend Stinson SLP 56 first LP, recorded April 1954 with Sonny Terry, red vinyl 1956 American Street Songs Riverside RP 12-611 Side A Pink Anderson: Carolina Street Ballads, side B Rev. Gary Davis: Harlem Street Spirituals, recorded January 29, 1956. Also released as Gospel, Blues and Street Songs on Riverside RLP 12-148 (1961), Original Blues Classics OBC 524 and OBCCD 524-2 1960 Harlem Street Singer Prestige 1015 recorded August 24 1960, also Bluesville BVLP 1015, Original Blues Classics 547, Fontana 688-303-ZL (UK 1965). Renamed Pure Religion! and reissued as Prestige Folklore 14028 and Prestige 7805 (1972). Remastered and reissued as OBCCD-547-2 (1992). Reissued on Fantasy 24704. 1961 A Little More Faith Prestige 1032 recorded August 10, 1961 in Memphis(?). Also Bluesville 1032, XTRA 5042 (UK 1967), OBCCD-588-2. Reissued on Fantasy 24704. 1961 Say No to the Devil Bluesville 1049 also XTRA 5014 (UK 1966) and OBCCD 519-2. 1962? Pure Religion and Bad Company 77 (UK) LA 12/14 recorded June 1957 in NYC, also Folklyric 125, reissued as Smithsonian Folkways SFW 40035 (1991) with 2 additional cuts. 1964? Pure Religion! Prestige Folklore 14028 also Prestige 7805 (1972), reissue of Harlem Street Singer. 1964 The Guitar and Banjo of Reverend Gary Davis Prestige Folklore 14033 recorded March 2, 1964, NYC, all instrumentals, also Fantasy OBCCD 592-2. Retitled as The Blues Guitar And Banjo Of Reverend Gary Davis on Prestige 7725. 1964 Rev. Gary Davis/Short Stuff Macon Xtra (UK) 1009 196? The Legendary Reverend Gary Davis, New Blues and Gospel Biograph 12030E also Blue Moon BMLP 1.040 (c.1987) 1968 Rev. Gary Davis at Newport Vanguard 73008 recorded 1965 1968 Bring Your Money, Honey Fontana (UK) SFJL 914 recorded Cambridge, MA 1970 Reverend Gary Davis 1935-1949 Yazoo L-1023 Also Yazoo CD 2011 (1994) as The Complete Early Recordings of Rev. Gary Davis and Document DOCD 5060 (UK 2003) with 2 extra tracks. 1971 Ragtime Guitar Transatlantic (UK) TRA 244 recorded 1960-1972, also Kicking Mule 106 (1974), Sonet SNKF 133 (1977) and Heritage HT 309 (UK 1985). 1971 Children of Zion Transatlantic (UK) TRA 249 recorded 1962, Swarthmore College, PA, also Kicking Mule 101 (1974), Sonet SNKF 152 (1978), Heritage HT 308 (UK 1985) and on Shanachie 97024, Blues & Ragtime (1993) 1971 The Legendary Reverend Gary Davis, Blues and Gospel, Vol 2 Biograph 12034E recorded March 17, 1971 1972 When I Die I'll Live Again Fantasy 24704 reissue of Prestige/Bluesville 1015 and 1032 1973 Lo I Be with You Always Sonet (Sweden) SNKD 1 also Kicking Mule cassette tape (no number, 1984), reissued on Shanachie 97024, Blues & Ragtime (1993) 1973 O, Glory - The Apostolic Studio Sessions Adelphi 1008 final studio album recorded March 1969, reissued as Genes GCD 9908 (1996) with additional tracks. 1973 At The Sign of the Sun Heritage (UK) ?? 1962, San Diego, CA. Also HT CD 03 (UK 1990). 1974 Let Us Get Together Sonet (Sweden) SNKF 103 also Kicking Mule cassette tape (no number, 1984) 1976 Sun is Going Down Folkways FS 3542 recorded 1966 1984 I Am A True Vine Kicking Mule no number cassette tape 1984 Babylon Is Falling Kicking Mule no number cassette tape 1985 I Am A True Vine Heritage (UK) HT 307 recorded 1962-63, NYC, also HT CD07 (UK 1991) ? Reverend Gary Davis Heritage (UK) CD 02 reissue of Children of Zion and Ragtime Guitar 1988 Blind Gary Davis Document (Austria) DLP 521 recorded live in spring 1976 at Al Matthes in Toronto 1988 Blind Gary Davis 1962-1964, Recorded Live Wolf (Austria) 120.915 1988 Blind Gary Davis At Allegheny College, Meadville, PA., 1964-Afternoon Workshop Document (Austria) DLP 527 1993 Rev. Gary Davis: Blues and Ragtime Shanachie 97042 2002 The Sun of Our Life: Solos, Songs, A Sermon 1955-1957 World Arbiter 2005 previously unissued session tapes and sermon from mid 1950s 2003 If I Had My Way: Early Home Recordings Folkways SFW40123 recorded in 1953 by John Cohen 2007 Lifting the Veil: The First Bluesmen (1926-1956), Rev. Gary Davis and Peers World Arbiter 2008 unissued session tapes from 1956-57, recorded by Fred Gerlach & Tiny Robinson. Liner notes quote a 1951 interview with Davis. 2007 Reverend Gary Davis Live: Manchester Free Trade Hall 1964 Document (Austria) DOCD-32-20-14 recorded May 8 1964, Manchester, England 2009 Live at Gerde's Folk City, February 1962 Stefan Grossman's Guitar Workshop SGGW 114/5/6 3 CD set